Chickens do not attract rats.
Let me say it again: chickens DO NOT attract rats. Chickens will kill and eat mice, voles, and rats.
Here’s what really attracts rats: food & safe places to live. Kinda like me. I just want a nice meal and warm house to curl up in, and to not fight about how chickens are drawing rats to our town. Rats are opportunistic feeders, and will eat anything that doesn’t eat them first. The reason I can safely say that rats aren’t drawn to the chickens themselves is because chickens WOULD eat them first. Don’t believe me? Do a search for ‘chicken eats mouse’ or ‘chicken kills rat’, or watch this video (WARNING: mouse gets eaten) of a chicken snatching up a mouse and running off with it to eat it. Chickens are mini-dinosaurs, and I firmly believe if they would eat people if they were bigger than us.
Uncovered trash = rats.
Pet food outside = rats.
Fruit dropping on the ground from fruit trees = rats.
Untended compost heaps = rats.
Piles of lumber on the ground = rats.
Bird feeders = rats.
Untended veggie gardens = rats.
Dog poo = rats.
Know why you don’t see chickens on that list? Because rats are opportunists, not fighters. They’re not after chickens- a fully grown hen can mess up an average size wild rodent (chicks are another story, and great care should be taken to protect them). What they would be after, however, is the chicken’s food. That’s why our ordinance spells out that the feed must be contained, so as not to attract vermin. With proper management of stored food/uneaten food, this doesn’t become an issue. We’ve seen a far greater issue with unsecured dumpsters in the downtown Ferndale area attracting & feeding rats than we’ll ever have to contend with in properly maintained residential areas.
If you are a chicken keeper, or want to become one, you need to know that rodents are a POTENTIAL problem. You address this by making sure nothing can get into your coop either by tunneling or climbing (rats will do both), and that feed is secured nightly.
Rats can fall from a height of 50 feet without getting hurt. Rats can jump three feet in the air from a flat surface and leap more than four feet horizontally. Rats can chew through lead, cinder block, and aluminum sheeting. They’re amazingly smart & tenacious, and if they can get into your coop to eat the chicken feed, they will. Again, this isn’t the fault of the chicken- rats would just as soon come into your house and eat your groceries, if they could find a way in.
If anyone in Ferndale has reason to believe they have rats, I urge you to contact me directly if you need help ridding your property of them. Many people have suggested releasing hawks in the area to combat the rodent population; the problem with that is that hawks hunt during the day, and rats come out at dusk and are active throughout the night. Your best course of action is snap traps or electric traps- they’re quick and effective, and don’t create secondary issues of poisoning in the food chain like rat poison does.